Perceived Stress Scale

There is a perception of a normal stress, which is usually assessed by a number on the perceived stress scale. This is a simple and informal way of measuring the level of perceived stress.

Sense of stress comes from two main sources, one is internal and the other is external. Internal source is mostly caused by the feeling of depression or stress due to such issues as guilt, powerlessness, inferiority, stress due to rejection or anxiety related issues. External source is mainly due to relationships, financial problems, relationship with friends, or some other perceived problem in your life.

This stress is usually felt as constant and pronounced feelings of sadness, sadness that actually doesn’t last as such due to the lack of relationships but usually for a while. It then turns into real and actual depressed feeling, one that the individual tries to get rid of it at any cost.

The common symptoms that a person might experience due to this are an increase in appetite, an increase in tiredness, fatigue, short term memory loss, change in body temperature and inability to sleep. The general feeling of suffering and hopelessness that follows is intense.

On the other hand, if it is an external stress, it might cause many other problems like high blood pressure, increased alcohol intake, alcohol abuse, coughing, sinus problems, nose bleeding, pain in the legs, stomach ulcers, urinary tract infections, pain in the jaw pains, back problems, tooth aches, feeling of strain, short term memory loss, change in posture, insomnia, sweating, body aches, change in sleeping patterns, heart palpitations, chest pain, mood swings, feeling very nervous, difficulty in speaking, body aches, mood swings, inability to control, inability to move around, feeling exhausted, increased blood pressure, feeling restless, feeling frightened, stomach aches, making excuses, depression, feeling hopeless, suicidal thoughts, anger, interpersonal problems, frustration, binge eating, increased anger, lethargy, lethargy that last long, skin problems, acne, irritability, headaches, dental problems, feeling too tired, hair growth, lack of interest in hobbies, and body pain. Sometimes there are heart attacks as well.

The individuals who experience the above symptoms as the result of the perceived stress usually avoid social activities like watching television, movies, taking meals, driving, and attending parties etc. Due to this, these individuals often spend more time at home and perform activities which are more relaxing and make them feel better. Thus, these activities keep them away from the unwanted symptoms. The problem that occurs here is that when these symptoms do happen they tend to aggravate the situation and thus result in increased levels of the stress factor.

A high perceived stress tends to cause some of the aforementioned symptoms that make it difficult for a person to perform the activities that he or she wants to do. So if this happens, the solution is to find ways and techniques that can alleviate the stress. These may be things like breathing deeply, taking a short walk, going for a walk, doing some massage, changing one’s diet, exercising, and some other exercises, along with mind relaxation.

An individual who is facing problems of stress is usually advised to seek counseling or therapy, which is usually focused on dealing with the causes of stress. This therapy does not mean that the patient is cured of his stress but provides the necessary support that will help the person to manage the stress that has been placed on him by the circumstances in his life.


Perceived Stress Scale Questionnaire Scores Before and After

 


PLOS ONE: Chinese version of the Perceived Stress Scale 10: A


Readability results using Flesch Kincaid on Perceived Stress Scale

 


Perceived stress scale


Standardized factor loadings of the Perceived Stress Scale PSS 14

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